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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
ISSN 0857-4421 (Print)
From : 1986-
ISSN 2586-940X (Online)
From : 2011-
Effectiveness of the intervention program for dengue hemorrhagic fever prevention among rural communities in Thailand: a quasi-experimental study
Author
Suda Hanklang, Paul Ratanasiripong, Suleegorn Sivasan
Issue
DOI
10.1108/JHR-08-2018-042
Abstract
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention program for dengue fever prevention among people in rural communities. Design/methodology/approach A quasi-experimental study was designed for two groups. The intervention group received five weeks of dengue hemorrhagic prevention program consisted of knowledge broadcast, campaign, model house contest and group education. The control group received only the usual care of health promoting hospitals. The primary expected outcomes were changes in knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barriers and preventive action from baseline data, post-intervention and three-month follow-up, along with a comparison between the two groups. The secondary expected outcomes were changes in house index (HI) from baseline to post-intervention and three-month follow-up, along with a comparison between the two groups. Findings From the total of 64 participants, 32 were randomly assigned to the control group and 32 were randomly assigned to the intervention group. There were significant differences in knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barriers, preventive action and HI in the intervention group after received the five-week intervention program and at three-month follow-up (po0.05). Originality/value Dengue hemorrhagic prevention program based on the Health Belief Model was effective in lowering HI and improving knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barriers and preventive action among people in rural communities. The intervention program may be beneficial in primary care in such a rural community.
Keyword(s)
Thailand; Prevention; Health belief model; Dengue hemorrhagic fever; Quasi-experimental study
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