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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
ISSN 0857-4421 (Print)
From : 1986-
ISSN 2586-940X (Online)
From : 2011-
Factors related to methamphetamine relapse risk among clients in the substance rehabilitation center of National Narcotics Board in West Java, Indonesia
Gian Nurmaindah Hendianti, Penpaktr Uthis
Purpose This purpose of this paper is to describe methamphetamine relapse risk, examine the relationship between factors in the dynamic model of relapse and methamphetamine relapse risk. Design/methodology/approach A total of 165 clients from the Substance Rehabilitation Center of National Narcotics Board in West Java, Indonesia were recruited. The research instruments included a demographic characteristic questionnaire and eight different tests: Drug Taking Confidence Questionnaire; Stimulant Effect Expectancy Questionnaire; Stage of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale version 8.0 for Drug; Coping Strategies Inventory Short Form; Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule; Desire for Speed Questionnaire; Social Support Questionnaire; and the Stimulant Relapse Risk Scale. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to test the relationship among variables. Findings Clients (63 percent) were at a moderate level of methamphetamine relapse risk (mean = 56.33, SD = 10.54). Outcome expectancy, positive emotional state, negative emotional state and craving were positive and had a significant correlation with relapse risk (r = 0.261, r = 0.380, r = 0.370, r = 0.509, p < 0.01, respectively). Self-efficacy was negative and had a significant correlation with relapse risk (r = −0.316, p < 0.01). Motivation, coping and social support had no correlation with relapse risk. Originality/value Two-thirds of the clients in a rehabilitation center have a tendency to relapse following treatment. Nursing intervention for early detection of methamphetamine relapse risk during treatment by using standardized instruments should be implemented.
Rehabilitation; Methamphetamine; Relapse risk; Dynamic model of relapse
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