Interventions commonly used to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers
Sanpatchaya Sirisawasd, Sasitorn Taptagaporn, Chaweewon Boonshuyar, Poramet Earde
The purpose of this paper is to review the prevalence and risk factors of work-related
musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among healthcare workers (HCWs) in order to ascertain the occupation
with the highest susceptibility to WMSD in the health sector. This paper will also review the effective interventions which have been used to prevent WMSDs among HCWs.
Design/methodology/approach – This study is a literature review of 11 papers related to the prevalence and risk factors ofWMSDs and 12 papers about the interventions being used to preventWMSDs among HCWs. The papers were retrieved from respectable databases such as PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and E-Thesis.
Findings – Nurses belong to the major group of HCWs who had the highest prevalence of WMSDs compared
with other health professionals and other hospital workers. Although there are several interventions being commonly used to prevent WMSD risk factors, some interventions were unsuccessful in the prevention of WMSDs in healthcare tasks. Therefore, it is necessary that future research focuses on the tasks of HCWs that are WMSD risk factors and tries to innovate or redesign ergonomic workstations to prevent those risk factors.
Originality/value – The expected benefit of this study is to motivate ergonomists to provide appropriate and innovative interventions to ensure health and safety for nurses and other HCWs.
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders; Healthcare workers