The effects of an educational program on knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding condom and emergency contraceptive pill use among Thai female university students
Saowanee Thongnopakun, Tepanata Pumpaibool, Ratana Somrongthong
Purpose – University students who have low knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding the prevention of unintended pregnancies may experience higher rates of unintended pregnancies. An educational program was developed based on the self-efficacy theory and peer-led education to improve unintended pregnancy problems among university students. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of an educational program on knowledge, attitudes and intentions regarding the use of condoms and emergency contraceptive pills among Thai university students.
Design/methodology/approach – The effectiveness of the educational program was tested by a quasi-experimental study with a pre- and post-test design. The study was conducted between September and October 2017. Multistage sampling was used to recruit 73 Thai female university students, including 36 students in the intervention group and 37 students in the comparison group. The intervention group received an eight-week educational program, while the comparison group did not. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the improvement of knowledge, attitudes and intention regarding condom and emergency contraceptive pill use. Descriptive statistics, paired samples t-test, Wilcoxon test and Mann–Whitney tests were used for data analysis.
Findings – Most participants in both groups had sexual intercourse. After the end of the program, the before-after mean score of the intervention group’s knowledge (8.0, 11.0), attitudes (29.4, 32.4) and intention (17.4, 20.4) were significantly increased (p-value < 0.001). Post-intervention, there were statistically significant differences in knowledge scores (p-value < 0.001) and intention scores (p-value = 0.04) between the intervention group and the comparison group.
Originality/value – This educational program increases knowledge and intention but does not influence attitudes toward using condoms and emergency contraceptive pills.
Educational program; Peer-led education; Condom and emergency contraceptive pills use; Unintended pregnancy; Pregnancy in adolescence-prevention and control